A Rare Plant Might Transform How We Find Diamonds

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There are many ways for exploration of the Kimberlite pipes for diamonds, but according to new paper by Mr Stephen E. Haggerty, a rare plant Pendanus candelabrum could serve as a signpost for diamond indicator kimberlite, which might eventually lead to easier and less expensive diamond exploration.

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Pendanus candelabrum 

The author of this paper Mr.Haggerty added that the plant only grew along the kimberlite and not over the adjacent ground. Mr Haggerty believes, this knowledge could make diamond exploration in West Africa a lot cheaper and this could dramatically change the exploration dynamics for diamonds.

Kimberlite is an igneous rock, best known for sometimes containing diamonds. Kimberlite pipes are the most important source of mined diamonds today.

Mr. Haggerty was uncomfortable with some press coverage of his paper, including headlines such as “There’s a Plant That Shows You Where Diamonds Are Buried.” He stresses that, finding a kimberlite pipe does not mean you have found a profitable mine. Only 1 percent of kimberlite pipe discoveries result in economic diamond mines.

Mystery Diamond Color Treatment Stumps GIA

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Mystery-diamond

Even GIA doesn’t have the answer of Mystery Diamond Color. There are around 500 diamonds with uncommon color which is marked as Mystery Diamond by GIA.

The Gemological Institute of America reported that “as many as 500 diamonds may have been subjected to a new mystery color treatment that temporarily improved the stones’ color as much as three grades.”

GIA believes that the treatment temporarily masks diamond’s body color, resulting in a color grade that can be up to three grades higher than it would be normally.

According to spokesperson Stephen Morisseau, GIA first became aware of the tricky treatment after grading some 500 stones submitted by Israeli manufacturers over a series of month.

Mr. Morisseau says that “We reasonably believe these stones were treated in some way” and he also added that “We don’t know what the treatment is, we are actively researching it?”

GIA said in lab alert “We ask anyone who has purchased or holds these diamonds to please resubmit them to any GIA location for review. GIA will expedite the service, and no fee will be assessed.”

L.Y.E Diamonds, E.G.S.D. Diamonds, Romok Abramov, and Yair Matatov these four companies are banned by GIA. After this action by GIA only one company replied which was Romok Abramov? Abramov says ““All the stones mentioned in the GIA report are not mine, I Never saw any of those stones and don’t have any idea if they were treated.”

The World Federation of Diamond Bourses involved and sent statement expressing concern about the incident. The president of WFDB Mr Ernie Blom said that “This is clearly unlawful behavior, we will have no tolerance whatsoever for this type of alleged illegal activity. We are pleased that the GIA publicized this development so that diamantaires can be on their guard.”

Pearls

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Pearls have been around for decades. They are a staple of fashionable women and one of the hallmarks of what is traditionally considered “elegant” and “sophisticated” style. The strand of pearls which were ones defined as classy, are still in fashion? The answer is YES!

Unlike most other gemstones which are mineral, Pearls are organic and are formed by living organisms. A pearl is a hard object produced within the soft tissue of a living shelled mollusk. The finest quality natural pearls have been highly valued as gemstones and objects of beauty for many centuries. Though Pearls occur naturally in the wild, their occurrence is very sporadic and limited.

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You may find them in form of Fresh water pearls, akoya saltwater pearls and south sea pearls.

Freshwater Pearls – Which are not rarest but they are finest for the collection and preferred by jewelry makers.

Akoya Saltwater Pearls – Have been synonymous with classic beauty and elegance.

South Sea Pearls – The smoothness and roundness of these pearls are exceptional. These are the rarest and extraordinary pearls you will find in jewelry.

Freshwater Pearls

Cultured freshwater pearls are pearls that are farmed and created using freshwater mussels. Quality of cultured freshwater pearls is evaluated through a grading system of a series of values, based on luster, shape, surface, color and matching. The process begins by choosing a suitable donor mussel and cutting a strip of tissue from the mantle is known as GRAFTING. This strip of tissue is then cut into 3mm squares. These squares are delivered to a technician who performs the operation. Unlike saltwater bead nucleation, this process is not considered difficult, and technicians need only minimum training to perform the operation. After the maximum numbers of grafts have been performed, the mussel is flipped, and the procedure is performed once again on the other valve of the shell.

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Freshwater pearl harvests are typically bought while still in the shell. After harvest the pearls are delivered to a first-stage factory, which is responsible for cleaning and sorting the pearls by size and shape. After the pearls are treated, they are drilled and then polished with a mixture of cornmeal and wax.

pearlsAkoya Saltwater Pearls

If you’re looking for the classic set of pearls, look to Saltwater Akoya cultured pearls. These pearls were first to ever be cultured in the early 1900s. For the past 100 years, Akoya pearls have been synonymous with classic beauty and elegance. They are the roundest of all pearl varieties, and are known for their sharp luster and pink overtones.

The Akoya oyster is the smallest pearl-producing oyster used in pearl culture today, so Akoya pearls also tend to be small, ranging in size from just 2 mm to about 11 mm in size. The average pearl size is harvested at about 7.5mm in diameter.

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Almost all pearls available in the market are cultured.  Most natural pearls are odd-shaped because the irritants that caused the oyster to begin creating the pearl are not round.  Beautifully round, lustrous natural pearls would cost many hundreds of thousands of dollars a strand.

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South Sea Pearls

South Sea cultured pearls are exceptional quality pearls with a whitish, almost silver color. It is much larger than the average pearl. The smoothness and roundness of these pearls are exceptional. These are the rarest and extraordinary pearls you will find in jewelry.

South Sea pearls come from the white-lipped variety of the pinctada maxima oyster. This oyster is much larger than the oysters that produce Akoya and Freshwater pearls, so the pearl that it produces is much larger as well. Because of the rarity and sensitivity of this type of oyster, cultivation of these pearls is much more difficult, making them more expensive.

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South Sea pearls are among the largest commercially harvested cultured pearls in the world. The average size of a South Sea pearl is 13 mm, with most harvests producing a range of sizes from 9 mm to 20 mm. The South Seas lie between the northern coast of Australia and the southern coast of China. These waters are the native habitat of a large oyster known as Pinctada maxima. This oyster grows up to 12 inches in diameter, and can be nucleated with a much larger bead than other saltwater oysters such as the Akoya.

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These types of Pearls are very precious and prestigious treasure you can ever give. Visit our store to shop our pearl jewelry or visit us online at classicdesignsjewelry.com

Company Claims to Have Produced 5 Carat Synthetic Diamond

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A Russian laboratory-grown diamond manufacturer, New Diamond Technology, is claiming it has produced a 5.11-ct diamond, the largest man-made, polished, near-colorless stone ever produced.

Synthetic-diamondAccording to the manufacturer, the unenhanced radiant-cut type ‘IIa’ diamond, produced by the high-pressure, high temperature method (HPHT) bears a K SI grade but hasn’t yet been sent to a lab.

This process is called Microwave Plasma Chemical Vapor Deposition, where carbon atoms are layered on top of an initial diamond ‘seed,’ fast-tracking a natural process lasting many millennia to a matter of months. And because these stones are lab-made, they’re good for the environment and are free of the ‘blood diamonds’ stigma that’s so tainted their traditionally-mined counterparts.

Diamond Experts familiar with diamond growing, say that it is an impressive achievement, but wondered whether it could be repeatable and also questioned what the stone would fetch commercially.

New Diamond Technology says it has a “new approach” that allows it to produce lab-grown gems with higher colors and clarity from its factories in Russia and Hong Kong. It said that it can produce gems ranging from 4 to 11 carats.

Company President Tamazi Khikhinashvili says that their diamonds are “more affordable” as compared to natural diamonds. He says the company has sold lab-grown gems to customers in Europe, Asia, and the United States.

November Birthstone

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citrine-vs-yellow-topaz

Topaz,

November’s primary birthstone, has one of the most confusing histories. The name is thought to have come from an island, Topazos, in the Red Sea, where both Topaz and Citrine were found. Since the two gems were alike in color they were often mixed up.

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It’s known for its alleged healing properties. Topaz is reputed to increase understanding, strengthen breathing, prevent colds, enhance creativity, bring relaxation, control angry passions, restore energy, and aid in tissue regeneration.

Citrine Gemstone

Citrine is the yellow variety of quartz, with the color ranging from a pale yellow to golden, through bright orange to a dark reddish-brown orange (called “madeira).

Citrine

 

October birthstones

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October has two birthstones; Tourmaline which is a favourite gemstone for many because it’s available in a rainbow of beautiful colors and Opal which are truly unique as each gem is adorned with a one-of-a-kind color combination.

Opal

The name opal derives from the Greek Opallos, which means to see a change (of color).”  Opals range in color from milky white to black with flashes of yellow, orange, green, red, and blue. An opal’s beauty is the product of contrast between its color play and its background.

Through time and nature’s heating and moulding processes, the gel hardened into the form of opals. When these particles are closely packed in spherical arrangements and in regular pattern, a three-dimensional array of spaces are created that give opal its radiance.

It is used in rings, necklaces and diadems; the smaller specimens for mounting snuff-boxes, rings, etc. and is believed to have the power of strengthening the eye.

Tourmaline

Tourmaline, being available in a wide variety of colors, is one of the favourite gemstone among jewelry designer, and gem collectors over the world. It is ideally suited to almost anyone’s taste.

 

Tourmaline is also known for displaying several colors in the same gemstone.  These bi-color or tri-color gems are formed in many combinations; gemstones with clear color distinctions are highly prized.

Tourmaline improves sleep; harmonize state of the endocrine and immune systems.

Black tourmaline is also indicated in the treatment of neurotic disorders. Green tourmaline restores nerves after stressful situations. Red tourmaline, especially rubellites, reduced metabolism, improve complexion, improve blood circulation and improves circulatory system. Watermelon tourmaline combines the properties and pink, and green of their fellows.

August Birthstone – Peridot

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                                                   Those born under Peridot may bewitch others!

Peridot is the birthstone for August and the 15th anniversary gemstone.  This gemstone is said to represent beauty, mystery, passion, and even enchantment. It can also enhance forward thinking; channeling both justice and power. It was believed to be a stone of springtime by ancients who considered it a gift from Mother Nature.

Since ancient times, Peridot was referred to as the symbol of the sun. The Greeks believed that it brought royal dignity upon its wearer and is said to have been first mentioned in the will of a bishop.

Peridot has been known to have healing effect on the gall bladder and liver. It is a protector against negative emotions when used in a necklace. Some believed that it protected its owner from “terrors of the night,” especially when it was set in gold. Others strung the gems on donkey hair and tied them around their left arms to ward off evil spirits.

This 146.10-carat peridot is in the collection of the Natural History Museum in London

Most peridot formed deep inside the earth and were delivered to the surface by volcanoes. Some also came to earth in meteorites, but this extraterrestrial Peridot is extremely rare and not likely to be seen in a retail jewelry store.

Peridot is a gem variety from the olivine mineral group. The bottle green color is called Peridot. Yellowish green is chrysolite. Olive green is olivine. Sources of Peridot include: St. John’s Island (Egypt), United States (Arizona and Hawaii), Myanmar, Burma, Australia, Norway, South Africa and Brazil.

Some of the finest Peridot stones are called “evening emeralds” because they appear greener under artificial light.

Ruby – July Birthstone

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July Birthstone

July Birthstone

“The gleaming Ruby should adorn,
All those who in July are born,
For thus they’ll be exempt and free,
From lover’s doubts and anxiety.”

Ruby represents the sun which is the heart of our universe as well as of human persona. They arouse the senses, stir the imagination, and are said to guarantee health, wisdom, wealth and its intense red color is said to bring success in love. There’s no better way to demonstrate your love than by giving a ruby.

When worn it renders a bold & courageous persona to the individual. It’s a variety of the gem species corundum. It is harder than any natural gemstone except diamond, which means it’s durable enough for everyday wear. Fine-quality ruby is extremely rare, and the color of the gem is most important to its value.

435215The most prized color is a medium or medium dark vivid red or slightly purplish red. If the gem is too light or has too much purple or orange, it will be called a fancy-color sapphire.

 

Month of Diamonds

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April is Month of Diamonds; it’s the traditional birthstone of those who were born in this month. Though its composition is very simple, but it’s the hardest natural substance on the planet. They are so strong they can only be cut or polished by another diamond, and should always stored separately, as they can damage other jewelry.

Diamonds are believed to enhancing relationships and increasing inner strength. It brings balance, clarity and abundance to those who wear it. They are typically colorless, but yellow, brown, green, gray, black, pink, blue, red, and purple stones are also available.

Diamonds in different shapes, size and color.

Diamonds in different shapes, size and color.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diamonds can be gifted all year round, but have special importance when you gift them to April born. They are available in different shapes, size and color.

 “Big girls need big diamonds.”

― Elizabeth Taylor

Yes! That’s true. Whether it’s a simple pair of diamond earrings, pendants, bracelet or an engagement ring. It’s always precious and will definitely bring smile on her face.

Diamond Engagement Rings

Diamond Engagement Rings

 

 

 

 

 

Diamond Stud Earrings

Diamond Stud Earrings

 

 

 

 

 

Diamond Pendant

Diamond Pendant