November’s primary birthstone, has one of the most confusing histories. The name is thought to have come from an island, Topazos, in the Red Sea, where both Topaz and Citrine were found. Since the two gems were alike in color they were often mixed up.
It’s known for its alleged healing properties. Topaz is reputed to increase understanding, strengthen breathing, prevent colds, enhance creativity, bring relaxation, control angry passions, restore energy, and aid in tissue regeneration.
Citrine is the yellow variety of quartz, with the color ranging from a pale yellow to golden, through bright orange to a dark reddish-brown orange (called “madeira).